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Ueda, Kazuhiko; Beuer, Florian; Stimmelmayr, Michael; Erdelt, Kurt; Keul, Christine; Güth, Jan-Frederik (2016): Fit of 4-unit FDPs from CoCr and zirconia after conventional and digital impressions. In: Clinical Oral investigations, Vol. 20, No. 2: pp. 283-289
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Objectives To evaluate the marginal and internal fit of CAD/CAM-generated frameworks for 4-unit, fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) from zirconia (Z) and cobalt-chromium alloy (C) made with conventional (CI) and digital impressions (DI). Materials and methods A titaniummodel was digitizedwith an intraoral scanner (DI, LAVA (TM) C.O.S.;3M ESPE;Seefeld, Germany;n = 12). Additionally, 12 conventional impressions were taken, and referring plaster casts were digitized by a laboratory-scanner (CI, LAVA T Scan ST;3M ESPE;n = 12). Frameworks were fabricated (3M ESPE) from cobalt-chromium (DI-C, n = 12;CI-C, n = 12) and zirconia (DI-Z, n = 12;CI-Z, n = 12) from the same datasets. A replica technique was applied to measure the accuracy. The Mann-Whitney U statistical test was applied to detect statistical differences between each material and methodology groups in terms of fit. Results Frameworks from DI-C (median 19.07 mu m) showed significantly better marginal fit than CI-C (median 64.64 mu m, p < 0.001). Frameworks from DI-Z (median 52.50 mu m) showed significantly better marginal fit than CI-Z (median 72.94 mu m, p = 0.001). Additionally, frameworks from DI-C showed a significantly better marginal fit than DI-Z (p < 0.001). Conclusions CI and DI led to a clinically acceptable marginal fit of 4-unit FDPs from cobalt-chromium and zirconia. DI leads to better marginal fit of the cobalt-chromium frameworks;however, no effect on zirconia was found. Clinical relevance The results indicate that DI is suitable for fabricating 4-unit, cobalt-chromium and zirconia frameworks with regard to fit requirements.