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Högg, Christof; Maier, Moritz; Dettinger-Maier, Katherina; He, Xiuli; Rothmund, Lena; Kehe, Kai; Hickel, Reinhard; Reichl, Franz-Xaver (2016): Effect of various light curing times on the elution of composite components. In: Clinical Oral investigations, Vol. 20, No. 8: pp. 2113-2121
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Abstract

Polymerization of resin-based composites (RBCs) is incomplete. The aim of the present study was to determine whether a longer curing time than recommended by the manufacturer influences the amount of released composite components of RBCs. The composites Clearfil AP-X and els extra low shrinkage were polymerized for six different curing times: 4, 10, 20, 40, 100, and 200 s. Light curing time recommended by the manufacturer for both composites is 20 s. Subsequently, samples were eluted in methanol and water for 1, 3, and 7 days and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). For Clearfil AP-X ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), diethylene glycol dimethacrylate (DEGDMA), triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (HMBP), camphorquinone (CQ) and 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT) were detected in methanol. In the aqueous eluate, only TEGDMA was detected. In els extra low shrinkage, HMBP, BHT, and CQ were detected in methanol. Increasing the curing time compared to recommendation of the manufacturer reduces the release of most composite components. This could result in less exposure to human due to these substances. Methacrylates are classified as potential allergens. An increasing number of dentists and patients show allergic reaction to methacrylates. Therefore, a reduced elution of composite components is an advantage.