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Suhr, Anna Catharina; Bruegel, Mathias; Maier, Barbara; Holdt, Lesca Miriam; Kleinhempel, Alisa; Teupser, Daniel; Grimm, Stefanie H.; Vogeser, Michael (2016): Ferromagnetic particles as a rapid and robust sample preparation for the absolute quantification of seven eicosanoids in human plasma by UHPLC-MS/MS. In: Journal of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences, Vol. 1022: pp. 173-182
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Abstract

We used ferromagnetic particles as a novel technique to deproteinize plasma samples prior to quantitative UHPLC-MS/MS analysis of seven eicosanoids [thromboxane B-2 (TXB2), prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)), PGD(2), 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE), 11-HETE, 12-HETE, arachidonic acid (AA)]. A combination of ferromagnetic particle enhanced deproteination and subsequent on-line solid phase extraction (on-line SPE) realized quick and convenient semi-automated sample preparation-in contrast to widely used manual SPE techniques which are rather laborious and therefore impede the investigation of AA metabolism in larger patient cohorts. Method evaluation was performed according to a protocol based on the EMA guideline for bioanalytical method validation, modified for endogenous compounds. Calibrators were prepared in ethanol. The calibration curves were found to be linear in a range of 0.1-80 ng mL(-1) (TXB2, PGE(2), PGD(2)), 0.05-40 ng mL(-1) (5-HETE, 11-HETE), 0.5-400 ng mL(-1) (12-HETE) and 25-9800 ng mL(-1) (AA). Regarding all analytes and all quality controls, the resulting precision data (inter-assay 2.6 %-15.5 %;intra-assay 2.5 %-15.1 %, expressed as variation coefficient) as well as the accuracy results (inter-assay 93.3 %-125 %;intra-assay 91.7 %-114 %) were adequate. Further experiments addressing matrix effect, recovery and robustness, yielded also very satisfying results. As a proof of principle, the newly developed LC-MS/MS assay was employed to determine the capacity of AA metabolite release after whole blood stimulation in healthy blood donors. For this purpose, whole blood specimens of 5 healthy blood donors were analyzed at baseline and after a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced blood cell activation. In several baseline samples some eicosanoids levels were below the Lower Limit of Quantification. However, in the stimulated samples all chosen eicosanoids (except PGD(2)) could be quantified. These results, in context with those obtained in validation, demonstrate the applicability of ferromagnetic particles for the sample preparation for eicosanoids in human plasma. Thus, we conclude that ferromagnetic particle enhanced deproteination is a promising novel tool for sample preparation in LC-MS/MS, which is of particular interest for automation in clinical mass spectrometry, e.g. in order to further address eicosanoid analysis in larger patient cohorts. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.