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Mahner, S.; Trillsch, F.; Chi, D.; Harter, P.; Pfisterer, J.; Hilpert, F.; Burges, A.; Weissenbacher, T.; Du Bois, A. (2016): Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in ovarian cancer revisited. In: Annals of Oncology, Vol. 27: pp. 30-32
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Despite the recent publication of two randomized controlled phase III trials addressing neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced ovarian cancer, the optimal timing of multimodal management in primary therapy is still under debate. As both studies met their primary end point by demonstrating non-inferiority, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery has been proposed to be an alternative standard for primary ovarian cancer treatment. Nevertheless, significant questions remain unanswered in both trials. Especially, the radicality of surgical therapy was below expectation with the median operating times of <3 h and complete gross resection in <20% of the patients. Consecutively, survival rates of patients undergoing primary debulking surgery were low. Since the primarily surgical question of 'primary versus interval-surgery' can only be answered if the key criteria 'complete gross resection' are present in a considerable percentage of patients, additional studies are needed and neoadjuvant chemotherapy should not be used to reduce surgical radicality for ovarian cancer treatment.