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Oberhauser, Cornelia; Chatterji, Somnath; Sabariego, Carla; Cieza, Alarcos (2016): Development of a metric for tracking and comparing population health based on the minimal generic set of domains of functioning and health. In: Population Health Metrics, 10.1186/s12963-016-0088-y
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Abstract

Background: The following minimal set of valid health domains for tracking the health of both clinical and general populations has recently been proposed: 1) energy and drive functions, 2) emotional functions, 3) sensation of pain, 4) carrying out daily routine, 5) walking and moving around, and 6) remunerative employment. This study investigates whether these domains can be integrated into a sound psychometric measure to adequately assess, compare, and monitor the health of populations. Methods: Data from waves 3 and 4 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) were analysed (N = 9779 and 11,050). From ELSA, 12 items operationalizing the six domains of the minimal generic set were identified. The Partial Credit Model (PCM) was applied to create a health metric based on these items. The Item Response Theory (IRT) model assumptions of unidimensionality, local independence, and monotonicity were evaluated, and Differential Item Functioning (DIF) was examined for sex and age groups. The psychometric properties of: 1) internal consistency reliability, 2) construct validity, and 3) sensitivity to change were evaluated to establish the final health metric. Results: IRT model assumptions were found to be fulfilled. None of the items showed DIF by sex or age group. The final health metric demonstrated sound psychometric properties. Conclusions: The health metric developed in this study - based on the domains of the minimal generic set - proved useful for a wide range of health comparisons, especially for different groups of persons, and both cross-sectionally and over time. Monitoring health over time provides especially useful information for health care providers and health policymakers and both in clinical settings and the general population. The developed health metric offers a wide range of applications, including comparisons of levels of health among different groups in the general population, clinical populations, and even populations within and across different countries. Keywords: Minimal generic set, Functioning, Health, Item Response Theory,|[Oberhauser, Cornelia;Sabariego, Carla;Cieza, Alarcos] Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Dept Med Informat Biometry & Epidemiol IBE, Chair Publ Hlth & Hlth Serv Res, Res Unit Biopsychosocial Hlth, Munich, Germany;[Cieza, Alarcos] Univ Southampton, Sch Psychol, Fac Social & Human Sci, Southampton, Hants, England;[Cieza, Alarcos] Swiss Parapleg Res, Nottwil, Switzerland;[Chatterji, Somnath] WHO, Dept Measurement & Hlth Informat Syst, Surveys Measurement & Anal, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland