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Hou, Liping; Bergen, Sarah E.; Akula, Nirmala; Song, Jie; Hultman, Christina M.; Landén, Mikael; Adli, Mazda; Alda, Martin; Ardau, Raffaella; Arias, Bárbara; Aubry, Jean-Michel; Backlund, Lena; Badner, Judith A.; Barrett, Thomas B.; Bauer, Michael; Baune, Bernhard T.; Bellivier, Frank; Benabarre, Antonio; Bengesser, Susanne; Berrettini, Wade H.; Bhattacharjee, Abesh Kumar; Biernacka, Joanna M.; Birner, Armin; Bloss, Cinnamon S.; Brichant-Petitjean, Clara; Bui, Elise T.; Byerley, William; Cervantes, Pablo; Chillotti, Caterina; Cichon, Sven; Colom, Francesc; Coryell, William; Craig, David W.; Cruceanu, Cristiana; Czerski, Piotr M.; Davis, Tony; Dayer, Alexandre; Degenhardt, Franziska; Del Zompo, Maria; DePaulo, J. Raymond; Edenberg, Howard J.; Étain, Bruno; Falkai, Peter; Foroud, Tatiana; Forstner, Andreas J.; Frisen, Louise; Frye, Mark A.; Fullerton, Janice M.; Gard, Sébastien; Garnham, Julie S.; Gershon, Elliot S.; Goes, Fernando S.; Greenwood, Tiffany A.; Grigoroiu-Serbanescu, Maria; Hauser, Joanna; Heilbronner, Urs; Heilmann-Heimbach, Stefanie; Herms, Stefan; Hipolito, Maria; Hitturlingappa, Shashi; Hoffmann, Per; Hofmann, Andrea; Jamain, Stephane; Jiménez, Esther; Kahn, Jean-Pierre; Kassem, Layla; Kelsoe, John R.; Kittel-Schneider, Sarah; Kliwicki, Sebastian; Koller, Daniel L.; König, Barbara; Lackner, Nina; Laje, Gonzalo; Lang, Maren; Lavebratt, Catharina; Lawson, William B.; Leboyer, Marion; Leckband, Susan G.; Liu, Chunyu; Maaser, Anna; Mahon, Pamela B.; Maier, Wolfgang; Maj, Mario; Manchia, Mirko; Martinsson, Lina; McCarthy, Michael J.; McElroy, Susan L.; McInnis, Melvin G.; McKinney, Rebecca; Mitchell, Philip B.; Mitjans, Marina; Mondimore, Francis M.; Monteleone, Palmiero; Mühleisen, Thomas W.; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Nöthen, Markus M.; Novak, Tomas; Nurnberger, John I.; Nwulia, Evaristus A.; Ösby, Urban; Pfennig, Andrea; Potash, James B.; Propping, Peter; Reif, Andreas; Reininghaus, Eva; Rice, John; Rietschel, Marcella; Rouleau, Guy A.; Rybakowski, Janusz K.; Schalling, Martin; Scheftner, William A.; Schofield, Peter R.; Schork, Nicholas J.; Schulze, Thomas G.; Schumacher, Johannes; Schweizer, Barbara W.; Severino, Giovanni; Shekhtman, Tatyana; Shilling, Paul D.; Simhandl, Christian; Slaney, Claire M.; Smith, Erin N.; Squassina, Alessio; Stamm, Thomas; Stopkova, Pavla; Streit, Fabian; Strohmaier, Jana; Szelinger, Szabolcs; Tighe, Sarah K.; Tortorella, Alfonso; Turecki, Gustavo; Vieta, Eduard; Volkert, Julia; Witt, Stephanie H.; Wright, Adam; Zandi, Peter P.; Zhang, Peng; Zollner, Sebastian; McMahon, Francis J. (2016): Genome-wide association study of 40,000 individuals identifies two novel loci associated with bipolar disorder. In: Human Molecular Genetics, Vol. 25, No. 15: pp. 3383-3394
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Abstract

Bipolar disorder (BD) is a genetically complex mental illness characterized by severe oscillations of mood and behaviour. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several risk loci that together account for a small portion of the heritability. To identify additional risk loci, we performed a two-stage meta-analysis of >9 million genetic variants in 9,784 bipolar disorder patients and 30,471 controls, the largest GWAS of BD to date. In this study, to increase power we used similar to 2,000 lithium-treated cases with a long-term diagnosis of BD from the Consortium on Lithium Genetics, excess controls, and analytic methods optimized for markers on the X-chromosome. In addition to four known loci, results revealed genome-wide significant associations at two novel loci: an intergenic region on 9p21.3 (rs12553324, P = 5.87 x 10(-9);odds ratio (OR) = 1.12) and markers within ERBB2 (rs2517959, P = 4.53 x 10(-9);OR = 1.13). No significant X-chromosome associations were detected and X-linked markers explained very little BD heritability. The results add to a growing list of common autosomal variants involved in BD and illustrate the power of comparing well-characterized cases to an excess of controls in GWAS.

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