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Landgraf, Mirjam N.; Kries, Rüdiger von; Heinen, Florian; Langhagen, Thyra; Straube, Andreas and Albers, Lucia (2016): Self-reported neck and shoulder pain in adolescents is associated with episodic and chronic migraine. In: Cephalalgia, Vol. 36, No. 8: pp. 807-811 [PDF, 323kB]


Aim: The aim of this study was to verify the association between self-reported neck/shoulder pain and migraine and to compare findings of chronic and episodic migraine in adolescents. Methods In this cross-sectional study, 601 secondary-school students filled in questionnaires about headache appearance, type and frequency, neck and shoulder pain and lifestyle factors. Results: The adjusted strength of the association between reported neck and shoulder pain and migraine (assessed in multinomial regression models) increased with the frequency of migraine: less than once a week (OR=1.40;95% CI=(0.85-2.30)), weekly (OR=2.14;95% CI=(1.42-3.24)), and at least 15 days/month (OR=7.27;95% CI=(3.42-15.44)). Conclusion: In adolescents the association between self-reported neck and shoulder pain and migraine is most pronounced in migraine with a high attack frequency.

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