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Mitov, Gergo; Draenert, Florian; Schumann, Paul; Stötzer, Marcus and See, Constantin von (2016): The influence of pressure changes on the retentive force and coronal microleakage of different types of posts in endodontically treated teeth during simulated dives. In: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine, Vol. 46, No. 4: pp. 247-252

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Objectives: We assessed the influence of a simulated diving environment on the interfacial microleakage and retentive forces of different post types in root-canal-filled teeth. Materials and methods: One-hundred-and-twenty extracted, single-rooted teeth were endodontically treated and were randomly divided into three groups according to the post and cement used: ER Post/Harvard cement (Titanium), CeraPost/ DentinBuild Evo (Zirconia), DT Light Post/Calibra (FRC). Each group was randomly divided into two equal subgroups, a control group, and an experimental group, subjected to simulated dives to 456 kPa in a diving chamber. For 10 specimens of each subgroup the pull-out strength and the coronal microleakage were measured. Results: Significant differences in the linear coronal penetration were observed between the Titanium and FRC groups (experimental group P = 0.001;control group P = 0.02). Diving simulation had no significant impact on the microleakage for the three post types. The FRC groups showed significantly higher retentive strength values compared to the Titanium and Zirconia groups before and after simulated diving. The pull-out strength of the titanium experimental group was significantly less than the control group (P = 0.008). Conclusions: Following root canal treatment the combination of fibre-reinforced posts and resin cement should be preferred for patients requiring retention for tooth restorations using posts that are likely to be exposed to hyperbaric conditions.

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