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Koletzko, B.; Dokoupil, K. and Koletzko, S. (2016): Gedeihstörung und Untergewicht bei kindlichen Erkrankungen. In: Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde, Vol. 164, No. 1: pp. 19-30

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Abstract

Many pediatric disorders induce disease-associated malnutrition. A multicenter study coordinated by the authors was carried out involving 2567 children (aged 1 month to 18 years) hospitalized in 12 European countries and found a malnutrition prevalence ranging from 7 % to 25 %, depending on the criteria applied. The prevalence was higher in the first 2 years of life. Underweight increased the length of stay in hospital by 1 day with moderate malnutrition and by 3 days with severe malnutrition and adversely affected the quality of life. These results point to the importance of an early diagnosis and effective treatment of pediatric malnutrition. In this article the current recommendations on the diagnostic evaluation and enteral nutritional support are summarized.

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