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Heimberg, E.; Hoffmann, F.; Schwindt, J.-C. and Heinzel, O. (2016): Basismaßnahmen der kardiopulmonalen Reanimation bei Kindern und Jugendlichen. Kommentierte Zusammenfassung der aktuellen Empfehlungen des European Resuscitation Council. In: Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde, Vol. 164, No. 3: pp. 184-194

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Timely initiation of resuscitation measures has an enormous impact on the outcome of a child after cardiac arrest;therefore, basic life support started by non-specialized lay rescuers as well as by professional healthcare providers plays an outstanding role within the guidelines for pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Resuscitation measures initiated by bystanders are associated with a better neurological outcome and better survival in adult and pediatric patients compared to no bystander CPR;therefore, the early recognition of a critically ill child as well as an early initiation and an effective performance of basic life support actions, such as securing an open airway, effective ventilation and high quality compressions are essential. These targets should be addressed in resuscitation education for lay people and medical professionals within the coming years. Thus, more research on optimization of educational concepts as well as public relations activities are necessary. This article summarizes the current guidelines on pediatric basic life support and provides practice-oriented recommendations.

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