Logo Logo
Switch Language to German

Bogner, V.; Brumann, M.; Kusmenkov, T.; Kanz, K. G.; Wierer, M.; Berger, F. and Mutschler, W. (2016): Retrospektive Berechnung des ISS bei polytraumatisierten Patienten. Fehlerquellen und Anforderungen an den radiologischen Befund der Ganzkörper-CT. In: Unfallchirurg, Vol. 119, No. 3: pp. 202-208

Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


Introduction. The Injury Severity Score (ISS) is a well-established anatomical scoring system for polytraumatized patients. However, any inaccuracy in the Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS) directly increases the ISS impreciseness. Using the full body computed tomography (CT) scan report, ISS computation can be associated with certain pitfalls. This study evaluates interpretation variations depending on radiological reports and indicates requirements to reliably determine the ISS. Materials and methods. The ISS of 81 polytraumatized patients was calculated based on the full body CT scan report. If an injury could not be attributed to a precise AIS cipher, the minimal and maximal ISS was computed. Real ISS included all conducted investigations, intraoperative findings, and final medical reports. The differences in ISS min, ISS max, and ISS real were evaluated using the Kruskal-Wallis test (p < 0.05) and plotted in a linear regression analysis. Results. Mean ISS min was 24.0 (+/- 0.7 SEM) points, mean ISS real 38.6 (+/- 1.3 SEM) and mean ISS max was 48.3 (+/- 1.4 SEM) points. All means were significantly different compared to one another (p < 0.001). The difference between possible and real ISS showed a distinctive variation. Mean deviation was 9.7 (+/- 0.9 SEM) points downward and 14.5 (+/- 1.1SEM) points upward. The difference between deviation to ISS min and ISS max was highly significant (p < 0.001). Conclusion. Objectification of injury severity in polytraumatized patients using the ISS is an internationally well-established method in clinical and scientific settings. The full body CT scan report must meet distinct criteria and has to be written in acquaintance to the AIS scale if intended to be used for correct ISS computation.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item