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Schneider, Susanne A. (2016): Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation. In: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, Vol. 16, No. 1, 9

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Syndromes with neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) are a group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by abnormalities in brain iron metabolism with excess iron accumulation in the globus pallidus and to a lesser degree in the substantia nigra and sometimes adjacent areas. They clinically present as neurodegenerative diseases with progressive hypo- and/or hyperkinetic movement disorders and a variable degree of pyramidal, cerebellar, peripheral nerve, autonomic, cognitive and psychiatric involvement, and visual dysfunction. Several causative genes underlying NBIA have been identified which explain about 65 % of cases. Pathophysiologically, many of the NBIA syndromes map into related biochemical pathways and gene networks including mitochondrial pathways, lipid metabolism, and autophagy. Treatment for NBIA disorders remains symptomatic but a placebo-controlled double-blind study is underway. Rapid developments prompted the review of this interesting field.

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