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Kühnisch, J.; Ekstrand, K. R.; Pretty, I.; Twetman, S.; Loveren, C. van; Gizani, S. and Loizidou, M. Spyridonos (2016): Best clinical practice guidance for management of early caries lesions in children and young adults: an EAPD policy document. In: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, Vol. 17, No. 1: pp. 3-12

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Abstract

Background The European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EAPD) encourages prevention and arrest of active dental caries. Therefore, the present guidance provides evidence-and clinically-based recommendations for detecting and diagnosing early/non-cavitated caries lesions, risk assessment and disease management. Methods A search of different databases was conducted using all terms related to the subject. Relevant papers were identified after a review of their titles, abstracts or full texts. Three workshops were held during the corresponding EAPD interim seminar in Brussels in 2015. Several statements were agreed upon and, furthermore, gaps in our knowledge were identified. Results Following the systematic reviews and outcomes of the seminars, it was concluded that visual and radiographic caries detection should be utilised as a basic diagnostic approach to locate, assess and monitor non-cavitated caries lesions in primary and permanent teeth. As another important evaluation step, a caries risk assessment should be performed at a child's first dental visit, and reassessments should be performed on a regular basis. It is widely accepted that non-cavitated caries lesions can be managed non-invasively in the majority of cases. The spectrum of measures includes a low cariogenicity tooth-friendly diet, daily and appropriate management of the biofilm, home and within the dental office/surgery usage of fluorides as well as sealing techniques. Conclusion The detection and management of non-cavitated caries is an essential aspect of preventive dentistry. Therefore, the EAPD encourages oral health care providers and caregivers to implement preventive practices that can arrest early caries and improve individual and public dental health.

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