Logo Logo
Switch Language to German

Scharinger, Eva J.; Dietrich, Richard; Kleinsteuber, Ina; Märtlbauer, Erwin and Schauer, Kristina (2016): Simultaneous Rapid Detection and Serotyping of Cronobacter sakazakii Serotypes O1, O2, and O3 by Using Specific Monoclonal Antibodies. In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 82, No. 8: pp. 2300-2311

Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


Cronobacter sakazakii is a foodborne pathogen associated with rare but often lethal infections in neonates. Powdered infant formula (PIF) represents the most frequent source of infection. Out of the identified serotypes (O1 to O7), O1, O2, and O3 are often isolated from clinical and PIF samples. Serotype-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) suitable for application in enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) for the rapid detection of C. sakazakii have not yet been developed. In this study, we created specific MAbs with the ability to bind to C. sakazakii of serotypes O1, O2, and O3. Characterization by indirect EIAs, immunofluorescence, motility assays, and immunoblotting identified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and exopolysaccharide (EPS) as the antigenic determinants of the MAbs. The established sandwich EIAs were highly sensitive and were able to detect between 2 x 10(3) and 9 x 10(6) CFU/ml. Inclusivity tests confirmed that 93% of serotype O1 strains, 100% of O2 strains, and 87% of O3 strains were detected at low cell counts. No cross-reactivity with > 100 strains of Cronobacter spp. and other Enterobacteriaceae was observed, except for that with C. sakazakii serotype O3 and Cronobacter muytjensii serotype O1. Moreover, the sandwich EIAs detected C. sakazakii in PIF samples artificially contaminated with 1 to 10 bacterial cells per 10 g of sample after 15 h of preenrichment. The use of these serotype-specific MAbs not only allows the reliable detection of C. sakazakii strains but also enables simultaneous serotyping in a simple sandwich EIA method.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item