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Peržeľová, Vlasta; Sabol, František; Vasilenko, Tomáš; Novotný, Martin; Kováč, Ivan; Slezák, Martin; Ďurká, Ján; Hollý, Martin; Pilátová, Martina; Szabo, Pavol; Varinská, Lenka; Čriepoková, Zuzana; Kučera, Tomáš; Kaltner, Herbert; André, Sabine; Gabius, Hans-Joachim; Mučaji, Pavel; Smetana, Karel; Gál, Peter (2016): Pharmacological activation of estrogen receptors-alpha and -beta differentially modulates keratinocyte differentiation with functional impact on wound healing. In: International Journal of Molecular Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 1: pp. 21-28
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Abstract

Estrogen deprivation is considered responsible for many age-related processes, including poor wound healing. Guided by previous observations that estradiol accelerates re-epithelialization through estrogen receptor (ER)-beta, in the present study, we examined whether selective ER agonists [4,4 ',4 ''-(4-propyl [1H] pyrazole-1,3,5-triyl)-trisphenol (PPT), ER-alpha agonist;2,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionitrile (DPN), ER-beta agonist] affect the expression of basic proliferation and differentiation markers (Ki-67, keratin-10,-14 and -19, galectin-1 and Sox-2) of keratinocytes using HaCaT cells. In parallel, ovariectomized rats were treated daily with an ER modulator, and wound tissue was removed 21 days after wounding and routinely processed for basic histological analysis. Our results revealed that the HaCaT keratinocytes expressed both ER-alpha and -beta, and thus are well-suited for studying the effects of ER agonists on epidermal regeneration. The activation of ER-alpha produced a protein expression pattern similar to that observed in the control culture, with a moderate expression of Ki-67 being observed. However, the activation of ER-beta led to an increase in cell proliferation and keratin-19 expression, as well as a decrease in galectin-1 expression. Fittingly, in rat wounds treated with the ER-beta agonist (DPN), epidermal regeneration was accelerated. In the present study, we provide information on the mechanisms through which estrogens affect the expression patterns of selected markers, thus modulating keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation;in addition, we demonstrate that the pharmacological activation of ER-alpha and -beta has a direct impact on wound healing.