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Liewald, C.; Reiser, D.; Westermeier, C. and Nickel, B. (2016): Photocurrent microscopy of contact resistance and charge carrier traps in organic field-effect transistors. In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 109, No. 5, 53301

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We use a pentacene transistor with asymmetric source drain contacts to test the sensitivity of scanning photocurrent microscopy (SPCM) for contact resistance and charge traps. The drain current of the device strongly depends on the choice of the drain electrode. In one case, more than 94% of the source drain voltage is lost due to contact resistance. Here, SPCM maps show an enhanced photocurrent signal at the hole-injecting contact. For the other bias condition, i.e., for ohmic contacts, the SPCM signal peaks heterogeneously along the channel. We argue from basic transport models that bright areas in SPCM maps indicate areas of large voltage gradients or high electric field strength caused by injection barriers or traps. Thus, SPCM allows us to identify and image the dominant voltage loss mechanism in organic field-effect transistors. Published by AIP Publishing.

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