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Tashima, T.; Tame, M. S.; Özdemir, S. K.; Nori, F.; Koashi, M. and Weinfurter, H. (2016): Photonic multipartite entanglement conversion using nonlocal operations. In: Physical Review A, Vol. 94, No. 5, 52309

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We propose a simple setup for the conversion of multipartite entangled states in a quantum network with restricted access. The scheme uses nonlocal operations to enable the preparation of states that are inequivalent under local operations and classical communication, but most importantly does not require full access to the states. It is based on a flexible linear optical conversion gate that uses photons, which are ideally suited for distributed quantum computation and quantum communication in extended networks. In order to show the basic working principles of the gate, we focus on converting a four-qubit entangled cluster state to other locally inequivalent four-qubit states, such as the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and symmetric Dicke states. We also show how the gate can be incorporated into extended graph state networks and can be used to generate variable entanglement and quantum correlations without entanglement but nonvanishing quantum discord.

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