Logo Logo
Switch Language to German

Zeidler, P.; Preibisch, T.; Ratzka, T.; Roccatagliata, V. and Petr-Gotzens, M. G. (2016): The VISTA Carina Nebula Survey. II. Spatial distribution of the infrared-excess-selected young stellar population. In: Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 585, A49

Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


We performed a deep wide-field (6.76 sq. deg) near-infrared survey with the VISTA telescope that covers the entire extent of the Carina nebula complex (CNC). The point-source catalog created from these data contains around four million individual objects down to masses of 0.1 M-circle dot. We present a statistical study of the large-scale spatial distribution and an investigation of the clustering properties of infrared -excesses objects, which are used to trace disk-bearing young stellar objects (YSOs). A selection based on a near-infrared (J - H) versus (H - K-s) color color diagram shows an almost uniform distribution over the entire observed area. We interpret this as a result of the very high degree of background contamination that arises from the Carina Nebula's location close to the Galactic plane. Complementing the VISTA near-infrared catalog with Spitzer IRAC mid-infrared photometry improves the situation of the background contamination considerably. We find that a (J - H) versus (K-s [4.5]) color color diagram is well suited to tracing the population of YSO-candidates (cYSOs) by their infrared excess. We identify 8781 sources with strong infrared excess, which We consider as cYSOs. This sample is used to investigate the spatial distribution of the cYSOs with a nearest-neighbor analysis. The surface density distribution of cYSOs agrees well with the shape of the clouds as seen in our Herschel far-infrared survey. The strong decline in the surface density of excess sources outside the area of the clouds supports the hypothesis that our excess-selected sample consists predominantly of cYSOs with a low level of background contamination. This analysis allows us to identify 14 groups of cYSOs outside the central area. Our results suggest that the total population of cYSOs in the CNC comprises about 164 000 objects, with a substantial fraction (similar to 35%) located in the northern, still not well studied parts. Our cluster analysis suggests that roughly half of the cYSOs constitute a non-clustered, dispersed population.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item