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Beck, Marcus C.; Beck, Alexander M.; Beck, Rainer; Dolag, Klaus; Strong, Andrew W. and Nielaba, Peter (2016): New constraints on modelling the random magnetic field of the MW. In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, No. 5, 56

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We extend the description of the isotropic and anisotropic random component of the small-scale magnetic field within the existing magnetic field model of the Milky Way from Jansson Farrar, by including random realizations of the small-scale component. Using a magnetic-field power spectrum with Gaussian random fields, the NE2001 model for the thermal electrons and the Galactic cosmic-ray electron distribution from the current GALPROP model we derive full-sky maps for the total and polarized synchrotron intensity as well as the Faraday rotation-measure distribution. While previous work assumed that small-scale fluctuations average out along the line-of-sight or which only computed ensemble averages of random fields, we show that these fluctuations need to be carefully taken into account. Comparing with observational data we obtain not only good agreement with 408 MHz total and WMAP7 22 GHz polarized intensity emission maps, but also an improved agreement with Galactic foreground rotation-measure maps and power spectra, whose amplitude and shape strongly depend on the parameters of the random field. We demonstrate that a correlation length of approximate to 220 pc (50 pc being a 5 sigma lower limit) is needed to match the slope of the observed power spectrum of Galactic foreground rotation-measure maps. Using multiple realizations allows us also to infer errors on individual observables. We find that previously used amplitudes for random and anisotropic random magnetic field components need to be rescaled by factors of approximate to 0.3 and 0.6 to account for the new small-scale contributions. Our model predicts a rotation measure of -2.8 +/- 7.1 rad/m(2) and 4.4 +/- 11.0 rad/m(2) for the north and south Galactic poles respectively, in good agreement with observations. Applying our model to deflections of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays we infer a mean deflection of approximate to 3.5 +/- 1.1 degree for 60 EeV protons arriving from CenA.

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