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Rhauderwiek, Timo; Waitschat, Steve; Wuttke, Stefan; Reinsch, Helge; Bein, Thomas; Stock, Norbert (2016): Nanoscale Synthesis of Two Porphyrin-Based MOFs with Gallium and Indium. In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 55, No. 11: pp. 5312-5319
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Two porphyrin-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) containing gallium or indium, [Ga-2(OH)(2)(H2TCPP)]center dot 3DMF center dot 3H(2)O (Ga-PMOF) and [In-2(OH)(2)(H2TCPP)]center dot 3DMF center dot 4H(2)O (In-PMOF) (H6TCPP = 4-tetracarboxyphenylporphyrin), were discovered using high-throughput methods. The structure was refined by the Rietveld-method starting from the structure model of Al-PMOF, [Al-2(OH)(2)(H2TCPP)]. The new PMOFs exhibit BET surface areas between 1150 and 1400 m(2) g(-1) and are also porous toward CO2 (Ga-PMOF, 15.2 wt %;In-PMOF, 12.9 wt %). They are thermally stable in air up to 330 degrees C, but show limited chemical stabilities toward acids and bases. In order to achieve size control, different synthesis routes were investigated, i.e., batch synthesis at different temperatures (yield: In-PMOF-bs-th 96%, Ga-PMOF-bs-th 87%), ultrasound-assisted synthesis (yield: In-PMOF-bs-us 85%), and continuous-flow synthesis (yield: Ga-PMOF-cf 71%). By using these different methods we could control the nucleation rate and the crystal size. The crystal sizes were found to vary about 60 to 160 nm and 70 to 130 nm for Ga- and In-PMOF, respectively, which was proven by dynamic light scattering (DLS), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements.