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Storch, Golo; Maier, Frank; Wessig, Pablo; Trapp, Oliver (2016): Rotational Barriers of Substituted BIPHEP Ligands: A Comparative Experimental and Theoretical Study. In: European Journal of Organic Chemistry, No. 30: pp. 5123-5126
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The interconversion barriers of 14 different 3,3- and 5,5-disubstituted tropos BIPHEP [2,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1-biphenyl] and BIPHEP(O) [2,2-bis(diphenylphosphoryl)-1,1-biphenyl] ligands were investigated by enantioselective dynamic high performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and DFT calculations using the B3LYP/6-31G* and M06-2X/6-31G* levels of theory. The experimentally determined enantiomerization barriers varied from 86.8 to 101.4 kJmol(-1) and were found to be in excellent agreement with the calculated data. The root-mean-square deviations are 7.3 kJmol(-1) for the B3LYP functional and 11.3 kJmol(-1) for the M06-2X method.