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Axthammer, Quirin J.; Klapötke, Thomas M.; Krumm, Burkhard (2016): Selected Nitrocarbamates of Glycerine & Co. and the First Acetylene Derivative. In: Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie, Vol. 642, No. 3: pp. 211-218
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A simple two step synthesis route for the preparation of several energetic multivalent nitrocarbamates of easily available alcohols is presented. The carbamates were obtained by the reaction of the alcohols and the reactive reagent chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (CSI) with subsequent aqueous work-up. The nitration of the carbamates was performed with mixed acid (nitric and sulfuric acid). The thermal stabilities were explored by using differential scanning calorimetry and the energies of formation were calculated on the CBS-4M level of theory, as well as several detonation and propulsion parameters for the application as energetic materials. All compounds were fully characterized and discussed in addition with single X-ray diffraction.