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Hashemi, H.; Bregman, A.; Nabi, H. S.; Kieffer, J. (2016): Magnetic anisotropy energies of M-Fe wires (M = V-Co) on vicinal Cu(111). In: Rsc Advances, Vol. 6, No. 110: pp. 108948-108954
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Abstract

One-dimensional transition metal (TM)-Fe nanowires of single-atom width can be formed on a stepped Cu(111) surface. The electronic magneto-crystalline anisotropy and magnetic dipolar (shape) anisotropy energies are calculated for an isolated and deposited TM-Fe wire series that ranges from V to Co along the fourth period of elements. For linear atomic V chains, the shape anisotropy energy is comparable to the electronic energy. The shape anisotropy energy dominates for Cr/Mn chains while it has a minor influence for Co/Fe. The electronic contributions to the anisotropy energies are always dominant for TM-Fe wires in both isolated and deposited cases. All linear structures exhibit axial magnetization except for the Cr chain, which exhibits perpendicular magnetization. All isolated TM-Fe wires have large magnetic anisotropy energies and easy magnetization along the perpendicular axis. In deposited TM-Fe wires, the electronic anisotropy energies are higher for Mn-Fe and Fe-Fe and lower for V-Fe, Cr-Fe and Co-Fe wires. Deposited TM-Fe wires magnetize easily perpendicular to the Cu surface except for Co-Fe, which prefers in-plane magnetization. The large magnetic anisotropies of Fe-Fe and Mn-Fe wires points to potential application in ultra-high density data storage.