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Tacke, U.; Weigand-Brunnhölzl, H.; Hilgendorff, A.; Giese, R. M.; Flemmer, A. W.; König, H.; Warken-Madelung, B.; Arens, M.; Hesse, N.; Schroeder, A. S. (2017): Entwicklungsneurologie – vernetzte Medizin und neue Perspektiven. In: Nervenarzt, Vol. 88, No. 12: pp. 1395-1401
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Developmental neurology is one of the major areas of neuropediatrics and is among other things (legally) responsible for monitoring the motor, cognitive and psychosocial development of all infants using standardized monitoring investigations. The special focus is on infants born at risk and/or due to premature birth before 32 weeks of gestation or a birth weight less than 1500 g. Early diagnosis of deviations from normal, age-related development is a prerequisite for early interventions, which may positively influence development and the long-term biopsychosocial prognosis of the patients. This article illustrates the available methods in developmental neurology with a focus on recent developments. Particular attention is paid to the predictive value of general movements (GM). The current development of markerless automated detection of spontaneous movements using conventional depth imaging cameras is demonstrated. Differences in spontaneous movements in infants at the age of 12 weeks are illustrated and discussed exemplified by three patients (healthy versus genetic syndrome versus cerebral palsy).