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Lucha, Stephanie; Taibon, Judith; Pongratz, Stephan; Geletneky, Christian; Huber, Erasmus; Wintterle-Roehm, Christine; Lang, Robert; Grimm, Stefanie H.; Duelffer, Thomas; Tarasov, Kirill; Zander, Johannes; Vogeser, Michael; Kobold, Uwe (2017): An LC-MS/MS based candidate reference method for the quantification of total gentamicin in human serum and plasma using NMR characterized calibrator material. In: Clinica Chimica Acta, Vol. 464: pp. 211-217
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Abstract

Background: Accurate measurement of gentamicin concentration in serum and plasma is required for therapeutic drug monitoring to ensure appropriate treatment of patients. In this work, we present a validated LC-MS/MS-based candidate reference measurement procedure for total gentamicin quantification to be used for standardization and harmonization of routine assays applied for therapeutic drug monitoring of this compound. Total gentamicin is the sum of the concentrations of five known congeners Cl, Cl a, C2, C2a and C2b. To our knowledge, there is so far no LC-MS method for quantification of total gentamicin in human serum described in literature. Methods: Sample preparation was based on sample dilution with an aqueous internal standard solution followed by protein precipitation. Stable derivatives of gentamicin-glycine congeners were prepared by chemical synthesis and used as internal standards. The primary calibration material used in this assay was characterized by NMR spectroscopy and the pattern of the gentamicin congeners was determined. The total gentamicin was reported as the sum of the congeners which were quantified individually by LC-MS/MS. Results: The method allows the measurement of total gentamicin in human serum and plasma in the concentration range of 0.1 to 12.0 mu g/ml with an assay imprecision of <= 6% CV and an assay accuracy between 96% and 114%. LOD and LOQfor the total gentamicin were 0.04 mu g/ml and 0.13 mu g/ml, respectively. Comparative measurement of 128 native patient samples using this method implemented at two laboratory sites showed an excellent agreement. Conclusions: Validation results proved that this protocol describes a robust and reliable method which is suggested as reference measurement procedure for the standardization and harmonization of routine assays for the quantification of total gentamicin. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.