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Schoierer, J.; Lob-Corzilius, T.; Wermuth, I.; Nowak, Dennis ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7871-8686 and Böse-O'Reilly, Stephan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0204-3103 (2017): Mehr Prävention durch das Präventionsgesetz in der kinder- und jugendärztlichen Praxis!? In: Gesundheitswesen, Vol. 79, No. 3: pp. 174-178

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Abstract

Aim of the study The Prevention Act was adopted by the German Federal Parliament on 18.06.2015. The paediatric practice is an important place from which to reach out to children and teenagers and to positively influence them through targeted prevention services in their health-related behaviour. It is therefore an important setting for the implementation of the Prevention Act. Could the delegation of prevention services to qualified medical assistants promote the successful implementation of the Prevention Act? Since 2003, medical assistants have qualified as "Prevention Assistants" after completing training courses and offered support in preventive services to children and teenagers in the paediatrician's office. The aim of this study was to improve the effectiveness of the training to increase the competence of the participants, expansion of preventive services for children and teenagers in the paediatrician's office and reduction of physician workload. Methodology Training was accompanied by ongoing evaluation;there were two extensive studies in 2009 and 2011, respectively. Between 2003 and 2006 (n = 126, after 75 % response rate) and in 2011 (n = 119 after 24 % response rate), participants were assessed with standardized questionnaires, and in the survey of 2011, their employers also were interviewed, (n = 76, after 22 % response rate). Results The prevention assistants assess their learning successes as good and are able to take over delegated tasks in the paediatrician's office. The involvement of a trained prevention assistant contributed to the transformation and re-establishment of prevention offers in paediatrician's offices and reduced physician workload. 44 % of physicians felt that the time saved by prevention assistant was very good or good, 80 % of physicians surveyed also indicated that prevention assistants carried out preventive consultations in the doctor's office. Conclusion In light of the paediatricians' workload and their own wishes and demands, and for a targeted implementation of the Prevention Act, it is necessary to delegate preventive services to trained personnel. It is also possible to accomplish this task. It is necessary to introduce billing numbers in the fee schedule for doctors similar to the billing numbers for dental health prophylaxis.

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