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Herlemann, Annika; Kretschmer, Alexander; Buchner, Alexander; Karl, Alexander; Tritschler, Stefan; El-Malazi, Lina; Fendler, Wolfgang P.; Wenter, Vera; Ilhan, Harun; Bartenstein, Peter; Stief, Christian G.; Gratzke, Christian (2017): Salvage lymph node dissection after Ga-68-PSMA or F-18-FEC PET/CT for nodal recurrence in prostate cancer patients. In: Oncotarget, Vol. 8, No. 48: pp. 84180-84192
Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.

Abstract

The management of patients with biochemical recurrence (BCR) after definitive treatment for prostate cancer remains controversial. Our aim was to determine survival rates and complications of salvage lymph node dissection (sLND) in patients with recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy, while evaluating biochemical response (BR) with two different positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) tracers used for preoperative imaging. sLND was performed in 104 patients diagnosed with isolated nodal recurrence on either F-18-fluoroethylcholine (F-18-FEC) or Ga-68-PSMA-HBED-CC (Ga-68-PSMA) PET/CT. Surgical complications, BR, clinical recurrence (CR), and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were evaluated. Logistic regression was used to determine predictors of complete BR (cBR) and CR after sLND and survival rates were assessed. Median follow-up was 39.5 months. Median patient age and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at sLND were 64 years and 4.1 ng/mL. Median number of lymph nodes (LNs) removed was 13;median number of positive LNs was 3 per patient. Rate of Clavien-Dindo Grade III complications was low (4.8%). 29.8% of patients developed cBR (PSA < 0.2 ng/mL), and 56.7% partial BR (PSA postoperative < PSA preoperative) after sLND. Patients with LN metastases diagnosed on Ga-68-PSMA PET/CT showed a higher rate of cBR compared to F-18-FEC PET/CT (45.7 vs. 21.7%, p = 0.040). PSA at sLND (p = 0.031) and choice of PET tracer (p = 0.048) were independent predictors of cBR. The 5-year BCR-free, CR-free and CSS rates were 6.2%, 26.0%, and 82.8%, respectively. While preoperative staging with Ga-68-PSMA seems superior, only a limited number of patients developed cBR after surgery. Most patients experienced BCR and CR during follow-up.