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Heratizadeh, Annice; Werfel, Thomas; Wollenberg, Andreas; Abraham, Susanne; Plank-Habibi, Sibylle; Schnopp, Christina; Sticherling, Michael; Apfelbacher, Christian; Biedermann, Tilo; Breuer, Kristine; Fell, Isabel; Fölster-Holst, Regina; Heine, Guido; Grimm, Jennifer; Hennighausen, Lars; Kugler, Claudia; Reese, Imke; Ring, Johannes; Schakel, Knut; Schmitt, Jochen; Seikowski, Kurt; Stebut, Esther von; Wagner, Nicola; Wassmann-Otto, Anja; Wienke-Graul, Ute; Weisshaar, Elke; Worm, Margitta; Gieler, Uwe; Kupfer, Jörg (2017): Effects of structured patient education in adults with atopic dermatitis: Multicenter randomized controlled trial. In: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Vol. 140, No. 3: pp. 845-853
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Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing skin disease prevalent in 1% to 3% of adults in Western industrialized countries. Objective: We sought to investigate the effectiveness of educational training in an outpatient setting on coping with the disease, quality of life, symptoms, and severity in adults with AD. Methods: In this German prospective, randomized controlled multicenter study, adult patients with moderate-to-severe AD were educated by referring to a comprehensive 12-hour training manual consented by a multiprofessional study group from different centers (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Neurodermitisschulung fur Erwachsene [ARNE]). Patients were randomly allocated to the intervention or waiting control groups. Study visits were performed at baseline and after 1 year (1 year of follow-up). Primary outcomes were defined as a decrease in (1) "catastrophizing cognitions'' with respect to itching (Juckreiz-Kognitions-Fragebogen questionnaire), (2) "social anxiety'' (Marburger Hautfragebogen questionnaire), (3) subjective burden by symptoms of the disease (Skindex-29 questionnaire), and (4) improvement of disease signs and symptoms assessed by using the SCORAD index at 1 year of follow-up. Data were analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis. Results: At 1 year of follow-up, patients from the intervention group (n = 168) showed a significantly better improvement compared with the waiting group (n = 147) in the following defined primary study outcomes: coping behavior with respect to itching (P < .001), quality of life assessed by using the Skindex-29 questionnaire (P < .001), and the SCORAD index (P < .001). Conclusions: This is the first randomized, controlled multicenter study on patient education in adult AD. The ARNE training program shows significant beneficial effects on a variety of psychosocial parameters, as well as AD severity.