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Marjanovic, Melanija Posavec; Hurtado-Bages, Sarah; Lassi, Maximilian; Valero, Vanesa; Malinverni, Roberto; Delage, Helene; Navarro, Miriam; Corujo, David; Guberovic, Iva; Douet, Julien; Gama-Perez, Pau; Garcia-Roves, Pablo M.; Ahel, Ivan; Ladurner, Andreas G.; Yanes, Oscar; Bouvet, Philippe; Suelves, Monica; Teperino, Raffaele; Pospisilik, J. Andrew; Buschbeck, Marcus (2017): MacroH2A1.1 regulates mitochondrial respiration by limiting nuclear NAD(+) consumption. In: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, Vol. 24, No. 11: pp. 902-910
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Histone variants are structural components of eukaryotic chromatin that can replace replication-coupled histones in the nucleosome. The histone variant macroH2A1.1 contains a macrodomain capable of binding NAD+-derived metabolites. Here we report that macroH2A1.1 is rapidly induced during myogenic differentiation through a switch in alternative splicing, and that myotubes that lack macroH2A1.1 have a defect in mitochondrial respiratory capacity. We found that the metabolite-binding macrodomain was essential for sustained optimal mitochondrial function but dispensable for gene regulation. Through direct binding, macroH2A1.1 inhibits basal poly-ADP ribose polymerase 1 (PARP-1) activity and thus reduces nuclear NAD(+) consumption. The resultant accumulation of the NAD(+) precursor NMN allows for maintenance of mitochondrial NAD(+) pools that are critical for respiration. Our data indicate that macroH2A1.1-containing chromatin regulates mitochondrial respiration by limiting nuclear NAD(+) consumption and establishing a buffer of NAD(+) precursors in differentiated cells.