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Hengstenberg, Christian; Chandrasekhar, Jaya; Sartori, Samantha; Lefevre, Thierry; Mikhail, Ghada; Meneveau, Nicolas; Tron, Christophe; Jeger, Raban; Kupatt, Christian; Vogel, Birgit; Farhan, Serdar; Sorrentino, Sabato; Sharma, Madhav; Snyder, Clayton; Husser, Oliver; Boekstegers, Peter; Hambrecht, Rainer; Widder, Julian; Hildick-Smith, David; Carlo, Marco de; Wijngaard, Peter; Deliargyris, Efthymios; Bernstein, Debra; Baber, Usman; Mehran, Roxana; Anthopoulos, Prodromos; Dangas, George (2017): Impact of pre-existing or new-onset atrial fibrillation on 30-day clinical outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve replacement: Results from the BRAVO 3 randomized trial. In: Catheterization and Cardiovascular interventions, Vol. 90, No. 6: pp. 1027-1037
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Abstract

BackgroundPrior studies have suggested that patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are at higher risk for adverse cardiovascular events. Whether procedural bivalirudin compared with unfractionated heparin (UFH) has a beneficial effect on early outcomes in these patients is unknown. We examined for the effect of baseline or new-onset AF within 30 days of TAVR and explored for the effect of bivalirudin versus UFH by AF status, on 30-day outcomes from the BRAVO 3 trial. MethodsThe BRAVO-3 trial multicenter randomized trial included 802 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR randomized to bivalirudin or UFH. We compared AF and no-AF groups and examined for 30-day Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 3b bleeding, major vascular complications and all ischemic endpoints. Adjusted outcomes were analyzed using logistic regression methods. ResultsOf the study population, 41.4% (n=332) patients had baseline or new-onset AF within 30 days of TAVR, whereas 58.6% (n=470) had no AF. Patients with AF had greater prevalence of renal dysfunction, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, and higher euroSCORE I compared with their counterparts without AF. Among AF and no-AF patients, there were no significant baseline differences between bivalirudin and UFH groups. At 30 days the incidence of death (6.0 vs. 4.5%, P=0.324) and stroke (3.9 vs. 2.6%, P=0.274) was similar in AF vs. no-AF patients. However, new-onset AF (n=38) was associated with significantly greater crude risk of 30-day stroke compared with no AF (HR 4.49, 95% CI 1.37-14.67). Regardless of AF status, there were no differences in 30-day death (P-int=0.652) or stroke (P-int=0.066) by anticoagulation type. ConclusionsPrior or new-onset AF is noted in more than one-third of patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR. Despite greater baseline comorbidities than non-AF patients, AF was not associated with significantly higher risk of adjusted 30-day outcomes. In the BRAVO 3 trial, early outcomes were similar regardless of anticoagulant strategy in each group.