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Benitez-del-Castillo, Jose; Labetoulle, Marc; Baudouin, Christophe; Rolando, Maurizio; Akova, Yonca A.; Aragona, Pasquale; Geerling, Gerd; Merayo-Lloves, Jesus; Messmer, Elisabeth M.; Boboridis, Kostas (2017): Visual acuity and quality of life in dry eye disease: Proceedings of the OCEAN group meeting. In: Ocular Surface, Vol. 15, No. 2: pp. 169-178
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Dry eye disease (DED) results in tear film instability and hyperosmolarity, inflammation of the ocular surface and, ultimately, visual disturbance that can significantly impact a patient's quality of life. The effects on visual acuity result in difficulties with driving, reading and computer use and negatively impact psychological health. These effects also extend to the workplace, with a loss of productivity and quality of work causing substantial economic losses. The effects of DED and the impact on vision experienced by patients may not be given sufficient importance by ophthalmologists. Functional visual acuity (FVA) is a measure of visual acuity after sustained eye opening without blinking for at least 10 s and mimics the sustained visual acuity of daily life. Measuring dynamic FVA allows the detection of impaired visual function in patients with DED who may display normal conventional visual acuity. There are currently several tests and methods that can be used to measure dynamic visual function: the SSC-350 FVA measurement system, assessment of best-corrected visual acuity decay using the interblink visual acuity decay test, serial measurements of ocular and corneal higher order aberrations, and measurement of dynamic vision quality using the Optical Quality Analysis System. Although the equipment for these methods may be too large or unaffordable for use in clinical practice, FVA testing is an important assessment for DED.