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Frings, Jonas; Maccio, Andrea; Buck, Tobias; Penzo, Camilla; Dutton, Aaron; Blank, Marvin; Obreja, Aura (2017): The edge of galaxy formation - II. Evolution of Milky Way satellite analogues after infall. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 472, No. 3: pp. 3378-3389
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Abstract

In the first paper, we presented 27 hydrodynamical cosmological simulations of galaxies with total masses between 5 x 10(8) and 10(10) M-circle dot. In this second paper, we use a subset of these cosmological simulations as initial conditions (ICs) for more than 40 hydrodynamical simulations of satellite and host galaxy interaction. Our cosmological ICs seem to suggest that galaxies on these mass scales have very little rotational support and are velocity dispersion (sigma) dominated. Accretion and environmental effects increase the scatter in the galaxy scaling relations (e.g. size-velocity dispersion) in very good agreement with observations. Star formation is substantially quenched after accretion. Mass removal due to tidal forces has several effects: it creates a very flat stellar velocity dispersion profile, and it reduces the dark matter content at all scales (even in the centre), which in turn lowers the stellar velocity on scales around 0.5 kpc even when the galaxy does not lose stellar mass. Satellites which start with a cored dark matter profile are more prone to either be destroyed or to end up in a very dark matter poor galaxy. Finally, we found that tidal effects always increase the 'cuspyness' of the dark matter profile, even for haloes that infall with a core.