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Wang, Haochuan; Alismail, Ayman; Barbiero, Gaia; Wendl, Maximilian; Fattahi, Hanieh (2017): Cross-polarized, multi-octave supercontinuum generation. In: Optics Letters, Vol. 42, No. 13: pp. 2595-2598
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The generation of superoctave spectra from the interaction of intense ultrashort optical pulses and cubic nonlinearity is the result of interplay between the dispersion and nonlinearity of a material and various propagation effects. The cubic nonlinearity can be enhanced when it is combined with a quadratic-cascaded nonlinearity, relaxing the requirement on the laser's peak intensity for supercontinuum (SC) generation. In this Letter, we demonstrate and compare the generation of an SC driven from cubic and cascaded quadratic nonlinearities at an anomalous and zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW). We show the filament-free SC generation of femtosecond mid-infrared pulses by harvesting cascaded quadratic nonlinearity and, at ZDW, requires a lower threshold peak intensity and results in a higher power spectral density for the newly generated spectral components. The presented method is a suitable approach for generating multi-octave spectra from low peak-power, high average-power oscillators or a suitable seed for optical parametric amplifiers and multi-octave field synthesizers. (C) 2017 Optical Society of America