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Wilson, J. N.; Lebois, M.; Qi, L.; Amador-Celdran, P.; Bleuel, D.; Briz, J. A.; Carroll, R.; Catford, W.; Witte, H. de; Doherty, D.; Eloirdi, R.; Georgiev, G.; Gottardo, A.; Goasduff, A.; Hadynska-Klek, K.; Hauschild, K.; Hess, M.; Ingeberg, V.; Konstantinopoulos, T.; Ljungvall, J.; Lopez-Martens, A.; Lorusso, G.; Lozeva, R.; Lutter, R.; Marini, P.; Matea, I.; Materna, T.; Mathieu, L.; Oberstedt, A.; Oberstedt, S.; Panebianco, S.; Podolyak, Z.; Porta, A.; Regan, P. H.; Reiter, P.; Rezynkina, K.; Rose, S. J.; Sahin, E.; Seidlitz, M.; Shearman, R.; Siebeck, B.; Siem, S.; Smith, A. G.; Tveten, G. M.; Verney, D.; Warr, N.; Zeiser, F.; Zielinska, M. (2017): Production and study of neutron-rich nuclei using the licorne directional neutron source. In: Acta Physica Polonica B, Vol. 48, Nr. 3: S. 395-401
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Abstract

We have recently successfully demonstrated a new technique for production and study of many of the most exotic neutron-rich nuclei at moderate spins. LICORNE, a newly developed directional inverse-kinematic fast neutron source at the IPN Orsay, was coupled to the MINIBALL high resolution gamma-ray spectrometer to study nuclei the furthest from stability using the U-238 (n, f) reaction. This reaction and Th-232 (n, f) are the most neutron-rich fission production mechanisms achievable and can be used to simultaneously populate hundreds of neutron-rich nuclei up to spins of approximate to 16 h. High selectivity in the experiment was achieved via triple gamma-ray coincidences and the use of a 400 ns period pulsed neutron beam, a technique which is unavailable to other population mechanisms such as U-235 (n(th), f) and Cf-252(SF). The pulsing allows time correlations to be exploited to separate delayed gamma rays from isomeric states in the hundreds of nuclei produced, which are then used to cleanly select a particular nucleus and its exotic binary partners. In the recent experiment, several physics cases are simultaneously addressed such as shape coexistence, the evolution of shell closures far from stability, and the spectroscopy of nuclei in the r-process path near N = 82. Preliminary physics results on anomalies in the U-238 (n, f) fission yields and the structure of the Te-138 and Sr-100 nuclei will soon be published. A future project, nu-ball, to couple LICORNE with a hybrid escape-suppressed spectrometer to refine further the technique and achieve a large increase in the observational limit is discussed.