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Schoop, Leslie M.; Eger, Roland; Kremer, Reinhard K.; Kuhn, Alexander; Nuss, Jürgen; Lotsch, Bettina V. (2017): Structural Stability Diagram of ALnP(2)S(6) Compounds (A = Na, K, Rb, Cs;Ln = Lanthanide). In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 56, No. 3: pp. 1121-1131
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Abstract

Thiophosphate compounds have been studied extensively in the past for their rich structural variations and for a large variety of interesting properties. Here, we report 11 new phases with the composition ALnP(2)S(6) (A = Na, K, Rb, Cs;Ln = lanthanide). These new thiophosphates crystallize in four different structure types, with the space groups Fdd2, P (1) over bar, P21, and P21/c, respectively. All phases are insulating and the calculated band gaps range between 3 eV and 3.5 eV. Magnetic measurements on the compounds with open f-shells show paramagnetic behavior and magnetic moments that match the expected free ion values of the respective lanthanide cations. We present a structural stability phase diagram for the ALnP(2)S(6) family of compounds, which reveals a clear relationship between ionic radii and the preferred crystal structure, as well as stability regions to form ALnP(2)S(6)-type phases.