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Langhals, Heinz ORCID: 0000-0002-8038-4547 (2017): Heterocyclic structures applied as efficient molecular probes for the investigation of chemically important interactions in the liquid phase. In: Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, Vol. 53, No. 1: pp. 2-10
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Heterocyclic molecular probes were applied for the investigation chemically significant effects of the liquid phase to solute materials. A brief historic overview of the estimation of solvent effects is reported as well as most recent developments. The familiar three-dimensional concepts of solvent-solute interactions were upgraded to two-dimensional effects similar to surfaces where heterocyclic structures with compensating dipoles give basic insights in processes on the molecular level.