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Hermann, Tobias S.; Klapötke, Thomas M.; Krumm, Burkhard; Stierstorfer, Jörg (2017): The Reagent-depending Nitration of 1,3-Dihydroxyacetone Dimer. In: Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie, Vol. 643, No. 2: pp. 149-151
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Two highly energetic nitric acid esters were synthesized from the dimer of dihydroxyacetone. 1,3-Dinitratoacetone (1) and its dimer 2,5-bis(nitratomethyl-2,5-nitrato)-1,4-dioxane (2) were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, vibrational spectroscopy (IR and Raman), multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, and elemental analysis. The thermal behavior was investigated with DTA measurements. Although showing the same atomic stoichiometry, dimer 2 shows significantly higher sensitivities measured by BAM methods (drophammer and friction tester). Due to the high oxygen content of 62.2%, 1 and 2 were evaluated as potential high energy dense oxidizers.