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Avadhut, Yamini S.; Weber, Johannes; Schmedt auf der Günne, Jörn (2017): Accurate determination of chemical shift tensor orientations of single-crystals by solid-state magic angle spinning NMR. In: Journal of Magnetic Resonance, Vol. 282: S. 89-103
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An improved implementation of single-crystal magic-angle-spinning (MAS) NMR is presented which gives access to chemical shift tensors both in orientation (relative to the crystal axis system) and principal axis values. For mounting arbitrary crystals inside ordinary MAS rotors, a mounting tool is described which allows to relate the crystal orientation determined by diffraction techniques to the rotor coordinate system. The crystal is finally mounted into a MAS rotor equipped with a special insert which allows a defined reorientation of the single-crystal by 90 degrees. The approach is based on the idea that the dispersive spectra, which are obtained when applying read pulses at specific rotor-phases, not only yield the size of the eigenvalues but also encode the orientation of the different chemical shift (rank-2) tensors. For this purpose two 2D-data sets with orthogonal crystal orientation are fitted simultaneously. The presented analysis for chemical shift tensors is supported by an analytical formula which allows fast calculation of phase and amplitude of individual spinning side bands and by a protocol which solves the problem of finding the correct reference phase of the spectrum. Different rotor-synchronized pulse-sequences are introduced for the same reason. Experiments are performed on L-alanine and O-phosphorylethanolamine and the observed errors are analyzed in detail. The experimental data are opposed to DFT-computed chemical shift tensors which have been obtained by the extended embedded ion method.