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Abd-Elghany, Mohamed; Klapotke, Thomas M.; Elbeih, Ahmed (2017): Thermal Behavior and Decomposition Kinetics of Bis(2,2,2-trinitroethyl)-oxalate as a High Energy Dense Oxidizer and its Mixture with Nitrocellulose. In: Propellants Explosives Pyrotechnics, Vol. 42, Nr. 12: S. 1373-1381
Volltext auf 'Open Access LMU' nicht verfügbar.

Abstract

A new propellant formulation (NC-BTNEOx) based on bis(2,2,2-trinitroethyl) oxalate (BTNEOx) as a high energy dense oxidizer (HEDO) mixed with nitrocellulose (NC) matrix was prepared and studied. BTNEOx was prepared and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Photos of the prepared formulation obtained by scanning electron microscope (SEM) clarified a good mixing of the nitrocellulose (NC) matrix with BTNEOx. A smokeless burning was observed and recorded for the prepared NC-BTNEOx by a high speed camera. The thermal behavior and decomposition kinetics of the NC matrix, BTNEOx and their mixture have been investigated non-isothermally by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Isoconversional (model-free) methods;Kissinger, Ozawa and Flynn-Wall (OFW) and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS), were used to determine the kinetic parameters of the studied samples. The results proved that BTNEOx has melting temperature at 104.1 degrees C and maximum peak temperature at 200.6 degrees C, also it has effective activation energy in the range of 107-110 kJ/mol. The prepared NC-BTNEOx has no endothermic peak and has exothermic peak at 201.7 degrees C which means that a composite might be formed due to the mixing of BTNEOx with NC. The prepared NC-BTNEOx has effective activation energy in the range of 172-180 kJ/mol. BTNEOx required more study to proof the possibility of replacing the nitroglycerine in a smokeless double base propellant.