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Schönhense, G.; Medjanik, K.; Chernov, S.; Kutnyakhov, D.; Fedchenko, O.; Ellguth, M.; Vasilyev, D.; Zaporozhchenko-Zymakova, A.; Panzer, D.; Oelsner, A.; Tusche, C.; Schonhense, B.; Braun, J.; Minar, J.; Ebert, H.; Viefhaus, J.; Wurth, W.; Elmers, H. J. (2017): Spin-filtered time-of-flight k-space microscopy of Ir - Towards the "complete" photoemission experiment. In: Ultramicroscopy, Vol. 183: pp. 19-29
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The combination of momentum microscopy (high resolution imaging of the Fourier plane) with an imaging spin filter has recently set a benchmark in k-resolution and spin-detection efficiency. Here we show that the degree of parallelization can be further increased by time-of-flight energy recording. On the quest towards maximum information (in earlier work termed "complete" photoemission experiment) we have studied the prototypical high-Z fcc metal iridium. Large partial bandgaps and strong spin-orbit interaction lead to a sequence of spin-polarized surface resonances. Soft X-rays give access to the 4D spectral density function rho (E-B, k(x), k(y), k(z)) weighted by the photoemission cross section. The Fermi surface and all other energy isosurfaces, Fermi velocity distribution v(F)(k(F)), electron or hole conductivity, effective mass and inner potential can be obtained from the multi-dimensional array rho by simple algorithms. Polarized light reveals the linear and circular dichroism texture in a simple manner and an imaging spin filter exposes the spin texture. One-step photoemission calculations are in fair agreement with experiment. Comparison of the Bloch spectral function with photoemission calculations uncovers that the observed high spin polarization of photoelectrons from bulk bands originates from the photoemission step and is not present in the initial state. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier B.V.