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Huber, Katharina J.; Geppert, Alicia M.; Gross, Uwe; Luckner, Manja; Wanner, Gerhard; Cooper, Paul; Abakah, John; Janssen, Iryna; Overmann, Jörg (2017): Aridibacter nitratireducens sp nov., a member of the family Blastocatellaceae, class Blastocatellia, isolated from an African soil. In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, Vol. 67, No. 11: pp. 4487-4493
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Members of the class Blastocatellia are frequently found in soils with a neutral and (slightly) basic pH where they constitute an important fraction of the microbial community. A novel representative of the class Blastocatellia was isolated from a Ghanaian soil and was characterized in detail. Cells of strain A24_SHP_5_238(T) were non-motile rods that divided by binary fission and formed orange to salmon-coloured colonies on agar plates. Strain A24_SHP_5_238(T) tolerated pH values of pH 6.0-9.0 (best growth at pH 7.0-8.5) and temperature values of 8-45 degrees C (best growth at 33-40 degrees C). It grew chemo-organoheterotrophically on several sugars, a few amino acids, organic acids and different complex protein substrates. In addition, strain A24_SHP_5_238(T) was able to use nitrate as an alternative electron acceptor in the absence of oxygen. Major fatty acids of A24_SHP_5_238(T) were iso-C-15:0, summed feature 1 (C-13 : 0 3-OH/iso-C-15 : 1 H), summed feature 3 (C-16 : 1 omega 7c/C-16 : 1 omega 6c), anteiso-C-17 : 0 and anteiso-C-15 : 0. The major quinone was MK-8, and the DNA G+C content was 53.5 mol%. The closest described phylogenetic relatives were Aridibacter famidurans A22_HD_4H(T) and Aridibacter kavangonensis Ac_23_E3(T) with a 16S rRNA gene sequence identity of 97.6 and 97.2 %, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization values (< 28.5 %) confirmed that A24_SHP_5_238(T) represents a novel species within the genus Aridibacter. Based on its morphological, physiological and molecular characteristics, we propose the novel species Aridibacter nitratireducens sp. nov. (type strain A24_SHP_5_238(T) = DSM 102177(T) = CECT 9235(T)).