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Maters, Elena C.; Delmelle, Pierre; Rossi, Michel J.; Ayris, Paul M. (2017): Reactive Uptake of Sulfur Dioxide and Ozone on Volcanic Glass and Ash at Ambient Temperature. In: Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, Vol. 122, Nr. 18: S. 10077-10088
Volltext auf 'Open Access LMU' nicht verfügbar.

Abstract

The atmospheric impacts of volcanic ash from explosive eruptions are rarely considered alongside those of volcanogenic gases/aerosols. While airborne particles provide solid surfaces for chemical reactions with trace gases in the atmosphere, the reactivity of airborne ash has seldom been investigated. Here we determine the total uptake capacity (Ni-M) and initial uptake coefficient (gamma(M)) for sulfur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O-3) on a compositional array of volcanic ash and glass powders at similar to 25 degrees C in a Knudsen flow reactor. The measured ranges of Ni-SO2 and gamma(SO2) (10(11)-10(13) molecules cm(-2) and 10(-3)-10(-2)) and Ni-O3 and gamma(O3) (10(12)-10(13) molecules cm(-2) and 10(-3)-10(-2)) are comparable to values reported for mineral dust. Differences in ash and glass reactivity toward SO2 and O-3 may relate to varying abundances of, respectively, basic and reducing sites on these materials. The typically lower SO2 and O-3 uptake on ash compared to glass likely results from prior exposure of ash surfaces to acidic and oxidizing conditions within the volcanic eruption plume/cloud. While sequential uptake experiments overall suggest that these gases do not compete for reactive surface sites, SO2 uptake forming adsorbed S(IV) species may enhance the capacity for subsequent O-3 uptake via redox reaction forming adsorbed S(VI) species. Our findings imply that ash emissions may represent a hitherto neglected sink for atmospheric SO2 and O-3.