Grafe, Peter; Sonnhof, U.; Kühnerl, A.
Effects of guanidine on synaptic transmission in the spinal cord of the frog.
In: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology, Vol. 301, Nr. 2:
The effects of guanidine on motoneurons of the isolated frog spinal cord were studied by adding the drug to the solution bathing the cord during intracellular recording. Guanidine (5·10–4 M) did not alter the membrane potential of motoneurons.
The main effect was a marked increase of the amplitudes and frequencies of small spontaneously occurring inhibitory postsynaptic potentials. The hyperpolarizing component of postsynaptic potentials evoked by stimulation of dorsal roots was also enhanced by guanidine. Higher concentrations of guanidine (5·10–3 M) resulted in a very large and irreversible increase of the small spontaneously occurring inhibitory potentials, which now appeared in a regular, rhythmic pattern.
The effects of guanidine could easily be blocked by increasing the magnesium ions (15 mM) in the bath solution.
These results indicate that guanidine facilitates the release of an inhibitory transmitter in afferent terminals of the frog spinal cord either by a direct action on these terminals or indirectly by an action on nerve endings impinging on inhibitory interneurons.