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Stimmelmayr, M.; Heiß, P.; Erdelt, K.; Schweiger, J.; Beuer, F. (2017): Fracture resistance of different implant abutments supporting all-ceramic single crowns after aging. In: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry, Vol. 20, No. 1: pp. 53-64
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Objective: To test the mechanical properties of three different restorative materials for implant abutments supporting all-ceramic single crowns. Materials and methods: Thirty implants with butt-joint connections were distributed into three test groups: Group A with 10 one-piece zirconia abutments, Group U with 10 titanium abutments, and Group T with 10 titanium-zirconia hybrid abutments. Monolithic zirconia single crowns were cemented and artificially aged. The crowns were loaded at a 30-degree angle in a universal testing machine until fracture or bending. Additionally, after removal of the restorations, the implant-abutment interface of the fixtures was inspected using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Results: In Group A, the abutments failed on average at 336.78 N, in Group U at 1000.12 N, and in Group T at 1296.55 N. The mean values between Groups T and U (P = 0.009), and between Group A and Groups T and U (P < 0.001) were significantly different. The abutments in Group A failed early due to fractures of the internal parts and parts close to the implant neck. In Groups T and U, failures occurred due to bending of the implant neck. Conclusion: This experimental study proves that hybrid and titanium abutments have similar mechanical properties. One-piece abutments made of zirconia showed significantly lower fracture resistance.