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Scazza, F., Valtolina, G., Massignan, P., Recati, A., Amico, A., Burchianti, A., Fort, C., Inguscio, M., Zaccanti, M. and Roati, G. (2017): Repulsive Fermi Polarons in a Resonant Mixture of Ultracold ⁶Li Atoms. In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 118, No. 8, 83602

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We employ radio-frequency spectroscopy to investigate a polarized spin mixture of ultracold Li-6 atoms close to a broad Feshbach scattering resonance. Focusing on the regime of strong repulsive interactions, we observe well-defined coherent quasiparticles even for unitarity-limited interactions. We characterize the many-body system by extracting the key properties of repulsive Fermi polarons: the energy E+, the effective mass m*, the residue Z, and the decay rate Gamma. Above a critical interaction, E+ is found to exceed the Fermi energy of the bath, while m* diverges and even turns negative, thereby indicating that the repulsive Fermi liquid state becomes energetically and thermodynamically unstable.

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