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Scazza, F.; Valtolina, G.; Massignan, P.; Recati, A.; Amico, A.; Burchianti, A.; Fort, C.; Inguscio, M.; Zaccanti, M.; Roati, G. (2017): Repulsive Fermi Polarons in a Resonant Mixture of Ultracold ⁶Li Atoms. In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 118, No. 8, 83602
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Abstract

We employ radio-frequency spectroscopy to investigate a polarized spin mixture of ultracold Li-6 atoms close to a broad Feshbach scattering resonance. Focusing on the regime of strong repulsive interactions, we observe well-defined coherent quasiparticles even for unitarity-limited interactions. We characterize the many-body system by extracting the key properties of repulsive Fermi polarons: the energy E+, the effective mass m*, the residue Z, and the decay rate Gamma. Above a critical interaction, E+ is found to exceed the Fermi energy of the bath, while m* diverges and even turns negative, thereby indicating that the repulsive Fermi liquid state becomes energetically and thermodynamically unstable.