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Lilienfein, N.; Hofer, C.; Holzberger, S.; Matzer, C.; Zimmermann, P.; Trubetskov, M.; Pervak, V.; Pupeza, I. (2017): Enhancement cavities for few-cycle pulses. In: Optics Letters, Vol. 42, No. 2: pp. 271-274
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We address the challenge of increasing the bandwidth of high-finesse femtosecond enhancement cavities and demonstrate a broad spectrum spanning 1800 cm(-1) (195 nm) at -10 dB around a central wavelength of 1050 nm in an EC with an average finesse exceeding 300. This will benefit a host of spectroscopic applications, including transient absorption spectroscopy, direct frequency comb spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The pulse circulating in the EC is composed of only 5.4 optical cycles, at a kilowatt-level average power. Together with a suitable gating technique, this paves the way to the efficient generation of multi-megahertz- repetition-rate isolated extreme ultraviolet atto-second pulses via intracavity high-order harmonic generation. (C) 2017 Optical Society of America