Logo Logo
Switch Language to German
Neumann, Jens; Heinemann, Volker; Engel, Jutta; Kirchner, Thomas; Stintzing, Sebastian (2018): The prognostic impact of CDX2 correlates with the underlying mismatch repair status and BRAF mutational status but not with distant metastasis in colorectal cancer. In: Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology, Vol. 473, No. 2: pp. 199-207
Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


Loss of CDX2 expression has been proposed to be a prognostic biomarker in colorectal cancer (CRC) correlating with shorter overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Since metastatic disease, mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency, and the mutational status of BRAF are considered to be important prognostic determinants in CRC, the present study aimed to analyze CDX2 expression in correlation with these parameters. Immunohistochemistry for CDX2, hMLH1, and hMSH2 was applied to a study cohort of 503 CRC specimens (FIRE-3) and a matched case-control collection of 50 right-sided CRC specimens with synchronous distant metastases and 50 right-sided CRCs without distant metastases. Furthermore, the mutational status of BRAF gene was analyzed utilizing pyrosequencing. CDX2 expression significantly correlates with reduced OS (p = 0.008) within the study population. In both cohorts, a significant correlation of CDX2 expression and MMR deficiency as well as the presence of a BRAF mutation (each p > 0.001) was observed, whereas no correlation of CDX2 expression and synchronous metastasis could be obtained. In the case-control study, only patients with proficient MMR status showed a correlation of CDX2 loss and synchronous metastasis, whereas in patients with deficient MMR status and CDX2 loss, no distant metastases at the time of diagnosis were found (p = 0.003). We could demonstrate that the reduced OS of CDX2-negative CRC patients is not caused by higher rates of distant metastases. Furthermore, our data indicate that the prognostic impact of CDX2 depends on the MMR status and the BRAF mutational status of the tumors. Thus, it could be concluded that CDX2 is not an independent prognostic biomarker in CRC.