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Albertsmeier, Markus; Quaiser, Dominik; Dossow-Hanfstingl, Vera von; Winter, Hauke; Faist, Eugen; Angele, Martin K. (2015): Major surgical trauma differentially affects T-cells and APC. In: Innate Immunity, Vol. 21, Nr. 1: S. 55-64
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Abstract

Macrophages have been reported to initiate immunosuppression following trauma and hemorrhage, and recent experimental studies suggest a pivotal role of T-cells in maintaining immunosuppression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the interaction of APC and T-cells in humans following major surgery. First, APC and T-cells from 14 surgical patients were isolated, counted and characterized by their specific surface marker profile 2 and 24 h postoperatively. Then, these cells were co-incubated with cells of the other type, which had been isolated pre-operatively. Chemokine secretion from pre-operative cells as measured by enzyme immunoassay served as a bioassay for the function of the stimulating postoperative cells. CD3+ T-cells and surface marker CD28 were markedly suppressed postoperatively, while CD3+CD25+CD127−Tregs were not suppressed. CD14+APC counts were increased with the most significant increase observed in CD14+HLA-DR− myeloid-derived suppressor cells. In co-cultures, APC showed increased postoperative secretion of TNF-α and IL-6 independently of whether they had been co-incubated with pre- or postoperative T-cells. T-cells incubated with CD14+ cells 2 h postoperatively secreted diminished amounts of IFN-γ. The results of the study suggest that T-cells play a pivotal role in mediating immunosuppression after major abdominal surgery.