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Guo, Tengfei; Dukart, Jürgen; Brendel, Matthias; Rominger, Axel; Grimmer, Timo; Yakushev, Igor (2018): Rate of beta-amyloid accumulation varies with baseline amyloid burden: Implications for anti-amyloid drug trials. In: Alzheimer's & dementia : the journal of the Alzheimer's Association, Vol. 14, No. 11: pp. 1387-1396
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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: This study examined a longitudinal trajectory of beta-amyloid (Abeta) accumulation at the predementia stage of Alzheimer's disease in the context of clinical trials. METHODS: Analyzed were baseline (BL) and 2 years' follow-up 18F-florbetapir positron emission tomography data of 246 Abeta-positive subjects with normal cognition and mild cognitive impairment. We studied the relationship between annual accumulation rates of 18F-florbetapir and BL standard uptake value ratios in whole gray matter (SUVRGM). RESULTS: Subjects with BL SUVRGM of 0.56 to 0.92 (n = 134) appeared to accumulate Abeta approximately 1.5 times faster than remaining subjects. In subjects with SUVRGM above 0.95, most regions with the highest annual accumulation rate were outside the established set of Alzheimer's disease typical regions. CONCLUSION: There are global and regional variations in annual accumulation rate at the predementia stage of Alzheimer's disease. When taken into account, the sample size in anti-amyloid trials can be substantially reduced. Critically, treated and placebo groups should be matched for BL SUVRGM.