Dingwell, Donald B.; Scarfe, Christopher M.
Chemical diffusion of fluorine in jadeite melt at high pressure.
In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 48, No. 12: pp. 2517-2525
The chemical diffusion of fluorine in jadeite melt has been investigated from 10 to 15 kbars and 1200 to 1400°C using diffusion couples of Jadeite melt and fluorine-bearing jadeite melt (6.3 wt.% F). The diffusion profile data indicate that the diffusion process is concentration-independent, binary, F-O interdiffusion. The F-O interdiffusion coefficient ranges from 1.3 × 10−7 to 7.1 × 10−7 cm2/sec and is much larger than those obtained by Kushiro (1983) for Si-Ge and Al-Ga interdimision in jadeitic melts. The Arrhenius activation energy of diffusion is in the range of 36 to 39 kcal/mole as compared with 19 kcal/mole for fluorine tracer diffusion in a lime-aluminosilicate melt. The diffusivity and activation energy of F-O interdiffusion vary slightly with pressure, but the pressure dependence of F-O, Al-Ga and Si-Ge interdiffusion may be related to the relative volumes of the interdiffusing species for each pair. The magnitude of chemical diffusivity of fluorine is comparable to that of the chemical diffusivity of water in obsidian melts. The diffusivities of various cations are significantly increased by the addition of fluorine or water to a silicate melt. This fact, combined with the high diffusivity of fluorine, suggests that the F− ion is the principal diffusing species in dry aluminosilicate melts and that dissolved fluorine will accelerate chemical equilibration in dry igneous melts.